2018 Seminar Topics

Taxation & Payroll Seminar

  1. THE PAY AS YOU GO (PAYG) WITHHOLDING SYSTEM
    1. How to Register for PAYG Withholding
    2. Who is an employee
      1. Taxation of Independent Contractors: Alienation of Personal Services Income
      2. Forms and processes to be completed when a new employee commences
    3. Tax File Number (TFN) and Withholding Declarations
      1. 47% withholding when no TFN is quoted
      2. Who can sign documents
      3. Who should complete a TFN declaration?
      4. Who is not required to include a TFN on the TFN declaration
      5. Items on the TFN Declaration
      6. Obtaining and lodging a TFN Declaration
    4. The Withholding Declaration (NAT 3093)
      1. When is an Employee Required to Complete a Withholding Declaration
    5. Applying to the Tax Office to reduce tax withholding
      1. Types of PAYG withholding variation forms
    6. Paying Salary and Wages
      1. At which time is salary and wage income taxable?
      2. Payments from which tax must be withheld
      3. Subscribe to Tax Office emails
    7. General Rates of Income Tax (Incorporating Medicare Levy)
      1. Medicare levy
      2. Foreign Employees/Non-residents
      3. Higher education debts – Employees with HELP, SFSS TSL or SSL
      4. Additional withholding when financial year contains extra pay day
      5. Short Term or Seasonal Workers
      6. Performing Artists
      7. Actors, Variety Artists and other Entertainers
      8. Volunteers and Respite Workers Paid by Non-profit Organisations
      9. Religious Practitioners
    8. Treatment of Specific Payments
      1. Taxing Annual Leave & Long Service Leave (for continuing employment)
      2. Taxing Bonuses, Commissions & Back Payments (Marginal Rate Calculation)
      3. Grossing up a net amount
      4. Making Adjustments for Repayment of Overpaid Amounts
      5. Withholding Tax from Allowances
      6. Treatment of reimbursements
      7. Treatment of Workplace Giving amounts
      8. Honorariums
      9. Taxation of Return to Work Payments
      10. The Paid Parental Leave (PPL) Scheme
      11. Treatment of Child Support Deductions
      12. Treatment of pay with purchased leave
    9. Treatment of payments made under a Labour Hire arrangement
      1. Withholding under a Labour Hire arrangement:
    10. Treatment of payments made under a Voluntary Agreement
      1. Establishing a Voluntary Agreement
      2. Rates of withholding under a Voluntary Agreement
      3. GST Implications of a Voluntary Agreement
    11. Treatment of payments made to a supplier who does not quote an ABN
      1. Rate of withholding where no ABN is quoted
      2. Statement by supplier
    12. Treatment of payments made for a Non Cash Benefit (that are not FBT items)
  2. PAYMENT SUMMARIES & OTHER REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
    1. Interacting with the Tax Office online
      1. How to Register for an Auskey
      2. The Tax Office’s Business Portal
      3. Standard Business Reporting (SBR)
      4. The Electronic Commerce Interface (ECI) – Ceasing as of December 2017
    2. Types of Payment Summaries
      1. Issuing a Payment Summary (excluding withholding where ABN not quoted)
      2. Completion of the Individual Non-business Payment Summary
      3. The Business and Personal Services Income Payment Summary
      4. The Foreign Employment Income Payment Summary
      5. The Withholding where ABN not Quoted Payment Summary
    3. Annual Reporting of PAYG Withholding Amounts
      1. Reporting annual PAYG withholding amounts electronically
      2. Reporting annual PAYG withholding amounts on paper
    4. Reporting PAYG Withholding on the BAS/IAS
      1. Small and Medium Withholders
      2. Large Withholders
      3. Transferring amounts to the PAYG withheld section on the BAS/IAS
      4. Penalties for Late Lodgement, Late Payment and Non-payment
    5. Taxable Payments Reporting — Building and Construction Industry
      1. Who Needs to Report?
      2. Payments that are not reportable
      3. Keeping records
      4. When to report using the Taxable Payments Annual Report
    6. Reporting of Government Grants and Payments for Services – commenced 1/7/17
      1. Grants
      2. Other payments for services
      3. What information will be reported
    7. Taxable payments reporting – Courier and Cleaning industries
      1. Which entities need to report
      2. Reporting requirements
    8. Workplace Gender Equality Reporting
      1. Relevant employers
      2. Reporting
    9. Single touch payroll (STP) reporting
      1. Main impact of STP
      2. Implementation by Employer type
      3. How to practicably introduce STP
      4. Transition into Single Touch Payroll
      5. Commencement of a new employee
      6. How are payments reported – Regular pay cycle – Payroll event
      7. Other payments – Update event
      8. Status of payments reported through STP
      9. STP Declaration required at end of financial year
      10. Amended finalisation after the end of the financial year
      11. Rules for reporting certain amounts
      12. Single Touch Payroll for employees
      13. SuperStream and STP
      14. Choice of fund and STP
      15. FAQ – Single Touch Payroll
    10. Treatment of Employee Share Schemes (ESS)
      1. Reporting to employees – ESS Statement
      2. ESS in a Start-up Company from 1 July 2015
      3. Reporting to the ATO – ESS Annual Report
      4. Employee Share Schemes Calculator
      5. Types of schemes
      6. Tax-deferred schemes taxing point
    11. Reporting PAYG Instalments on the BAS/IAS
      1. What are PAYG instalments?
      2. Reporting Options
      3. Some taxpayers excluded from paying PAYG instalments
      4. Voluntary entry into PAYG instalments
    12. PAYG instalments calculator
  3. THE NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS SYSTEM (FAIR WORK)
    1. Coverage
    2. Modern Awards
      1. Modern Awards do not apply to employees earning over the high income threshold
      2. List of Modern Awards
      3. Pay guides to modern awards
      4. What is contained in a Modern Award
      5. Updates to Modern Awards
      6. Pay and Condition Calculators and Tools (PACT)
      7. Award Finder
    3. Status of Agreements and Contracts
      1. Enterprise Agreements
      2. Common Law Contracts
      3. Preserved State Agreements
      4. Agreements which can no longer be entered into
    4. National Minimum Wage (NMW)
    5. National Employment Standards (NES)
    6. Maximum Weekly Hours
    7. Requests for Flexible Working Arrangements
      1. Eligibility for flexible working arrangements
    8. Parental Leave and Related Entitlements
      1. Eligibility
      2. Effect of the Government Paid Parental Leave Scheme
      3. Transfer to a safe job
      4. Taking Parental Leave
      5. Unpaid parental leave’s impact on accruals and service
      6. Returning to work
      7. Ending employment during parental leave
    9. Annual Leave
      1. Entitlement to annual leave
      2. Accrual of annual leave
      3. Taking annual leave
      4. Payment for annual leave
    10. Personal Leave — Includes Sick Leave, Carer’s Leave, and Compassionate Leave
      1. Entitlement and accrual of paid personal/carer’s leave
      2. Taking personal/carer’s leave
      3. Payment for personal/carer’s leave
      4. Long periods of sick leave
      5. Unpaid carer’s leave
      6. Compassionate leave
      7. Use of personal leave in natural disaster or emergency
    11. Community Service Leave
      1. Voluntary Emergency Management Activity
      2. Jury Duty
      3. Notice and evidence for community service leave
    12. Long Service Leave
      1. Employee serves in more than one State
      2. Long service leave and awards prior to 1 January 2010
      3. Long Service Leave and transfer of business
      4. Portable Long Service Leave Schemes
      5. What is ‘domestic or other pressing necessity’
    13. Public Holidays 2017
      1. Local public holidays
      2. Rostering and payment for Public Holidays
      3. Public holidays and leave entitlements
      4. Requesting and refusing to work on public holidays
      5. Public holiday interstate
    14. Fair Work Information Statement
    15. Statutory Bodies
      1. Fair Work Commission
      2. Fair Work Ombudsman (FWO)
    16. Worker Records
      1. What records must employers keep?
      2. Pay Statements
      3. Contravention of Record-Keeping and Pay Slip Obligations
      4. How long should records be kept
    17. Other Fair Work issues
      1. Holiday shut downs
      2. Transfer of business – When businesses change owners
      3. Changing an employee’s roster
      4. Unpaid leave
      5. Unpaid work
      6. Wage subsidies and incentive payments
      7. Recent changes to penalty rates
      8. Calculating casual penalty rates
      9. Fair Work Templates
    18. Where to Get Help
      1. Contact Fair Work Commission
    19. Contact the Fair Work Ombudsman
  4. WHEN EMPLOYMENT ENDS
    1. Employment Separation Certificates
    2. Notice of Termination and Redundancy Pay
      1. Notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice
      2. Resignation – how much notice?
      3. Dismissal – how much notice?
      4. Leave during notice period (applies to resignation and dismissal)
      5. Redundancy Pay
    3. Unfair dismissal
      1. What is an unfair dismissal
      2. Unlawful Dismissal
      3. The Fair Dismissal Code for Small Business
      4. Small Business Fair Dismissal Code Checklist
    4. Ending employment – other issues
      1. Termination and leave loading
      2. When does the final pay have to be made to the employee
      3. Terminating a person on sick leave or workers compensation
      4. Managing performance based termination
      5. Termination and serious misconduct
    5. Annual Leave on termination
      1. Amounts included in annual leave paid on termination (including redundancy and resignation)
      2. Tax treatment of annual leave on termination
      3. Treatment of annual leave on resignation, retirement or performance based dismissal
      4. Annual Leave for Genuine Redundancy, Invalidity and ATO Approved Early Retirement
    6. Taxing Long Service Leave on termination
      1. Treatment of long service leave when an employee resigns, retires or is dismissed as a result of performance.
      2. Long Service Leave for Genuine Redundancy, Invalidity and ATO Approved Early Retirement
      3. No HELP or SFSS applied to lump sums on termination
    7. Genuine Redundancy and tax free amounts
      1. Overview
      2. Tax treatment of amounts paid under a genuine redundancy
      3. When is a termination a Genuine Redundancy and therefore tax free up to a limit
      4. Other important points about genuine redundancy
      5. Redundancy examples
    8. Approved early retirement schemes
    9. Employment Termination Payments (ETPS)
      1. Completing the PAYG Payment Summary – Employment Termination Payment
    10. Treatment of an ETP
      1. Calculating taxable and tax-free components for employees who commence employment before 1 July 1983
      2. Tax to be withheld from the taxable component of an ETP
      3. The whole of income cap
    11. ETP examples
    12. Other issues –taxing termination pay
    13. Invalidity Payments
      1. Treatment of annual leave and long service leave on invalidity
      2. Invalidity ETPs
    14. Lump Sum Payments on Death of an Employee
      1. Other important information in relation to payments after death of an employee
    15. Summary of all Payments on Termination
  5. THE SUPERANNUATION GUARANTEE
    1. Types of Superannuation funds
    2. Minimum Level of Superannuation Guarantee Contributions
      1. Which rate to apply
      2. SG percentage increase– impact on salaried/packaged employees
      3. Determining the superannuation guarantee portion of an all-inclusive amount
      4. Tax File Number & Superannuation Funds
      5. Deadlines for Superannuation Contributions
      6. The Superannuation Guarantee Charge – Penalty for Overdue Superannuation Guarantee Contributions
      7. The Superannuation Guarantee Charge under proposed salary sacrifice integrity measures
      8. Contributions must be to a Complying Fund
      9. Directors’ personal liability for Superannuation obligations
    3. Superannuation data and payment standards – SuperStream
      1. What is SuperStream?
      2. All employers should be compliant with SuperStream
      3. Frequently asked questions
      4. Enforcement of the Standard
    4. Superannuation Guarantee liability for Specific Workers / Payments
      1. Employees/payees for whom Superannuation does not have to be paid
      2. Treatment of Certain Workers
      3. What payroll is counted for Superannuation guarantee purposes (Ordinary Time Earnings OTE at stated in SGR 2009/2)
    5. Superannuation Caps
      1. Concessional contributions cap (for SG & salary sacrifice)
      2. Tax rates applied superannuation (withheld by the superannuation fund not the employer)
      3. Maximum Quarterly Contribution Base
    6. Choice of Funds
      1. Which employees must be offered choice?
      2. Which employees are not eligible to choose a super fund?
      3. When does an employer have to provide choice?
      4. How is choice offered and received?
      5. Do I have to accept my employee’s choice?
      6. Default funds must be a ‘MySuper’ product
      7. Other Choice of Funds Issues
      8. Super Clearing House
      9. Choice liability
    7. Superannuation & Salary Sacrifice
      1. Salary sacrificed superannuation contributions are employer contributions
      2. How does salary sacrifice work?
      3. A salary sacrifice arrangement must be ‘effective’. How is this achieved?
      4. What salary is the superannuation guarantee based on when an employee salary sacrifices to a superannuation fund?
      5. Salary sacrifice integrity bill introduced
      6. Superannuation contributions made under an effective salary sacrifice agreement are not fringe benefits
      7. The effect of salary sacrifice on other entitlements
      8. How much can be salary sacrificed?
      9. First home super saver scheme
      10. Employees can claim deductions for personal super contributions
    8. Reportable Employer Superannuation Contributions (RESC)
      1. Reportable superannuation contributions
      2. Superannuation contributions which are not reportable
      3. Other RESC Factors
    9. Other Superannuation Information
      1. Record keeping requirements for superannuation
      2. Non-residents can access their superannuation early
      3. Splitting of superannuation contributions
      4. Tax offset for super contributions on behalf of spouse
      5. Superannuation Co-contribution for low income earners
    10. Status of Superannuation Fund Expenses Paid by the Employer
  6. FRINGE BENEFITS TAX (FBT)
    1. Liability to FBT
      1. Fringe Benefits Tax Year & Assessment of Liability
    2. Calculating FBT in Summary
    3. Classifying Fringe Benefits, Grossing-Up Fringe Benefits & Calculating of the FBT Payable
      1. Gross-up rates for 2017/18
      2. Summary of last FBT year, current FBT year and future years
      3. GST inclusive value is used
    4. Employee cash/expense contribution to fringe benefit
      1. Employee contributes cash
      2. Employee pays expenses
    5. Record Keeping
      1. Record Keeping Exemption for Small Business (turnover less than $10milllion)
      2. Declarations
    6. Specific Treatment of Cars & Related Fringe Benefits
      1. Determining the taxable value of a motor vehicle
      2. The Statutory Formula Method
      3. The Operating Cost Method
      4. Simplified approach to car fringe benefits for employers with fleet cars
      5. FBT Exempt Motor Vehicles
      6. Novated Leases
      7. Road Tolls
      8. Car Parking
    7. Specific Treatment of Other Fringe Benefits
      1. Expense payments
      2. Other benefits (“residual” benefits)
      3. Meals & Board
      4. Housing
      5. Property and Goods
      6. Airline Transport
      7. Loans/Debt Waiver
      8. Entertainment Expenses
      9. Explanation of treatment of other specific entertainment situations
      10. Benefits Provided by a Third Party
    8. Living-away-from-home allowance (LAFHA)
      1. LAFHA eligibility
      2. Benefits an eligible employee can receive
      3. Substantiation of expenses
      4. LAFHA is an exempt benefit only for the first 12 months
      5. Fly-in fly-out/drive-in drive-out workers complete declaration
    9. Exemptions, Reductions & Concessions
      1. Benefits to which FBT does not apply
      2. Minor benefits
      3. Remote Area housing
      4. Concessions for employees posted overseas
      5. Relocation Exemptions
      6. Work-related items
    10. ‘In-house’ fringe benefits
      1. Long service awards
      2. Certain payments to employee entitlement funds
      3. Other exemptions
      4. Reducing liability by applying the ‘Otherwise Deductible’ Rule:
      5. Employees’ Clothing/Uniforms
    11. Salary Sacrifice
      1. Important notes about salary sacrifice
      2. Salary Sacrifice Scenarios
    12. Employers who are exempt (or partly exempt) from FBT and employers who receive an FBT rebate
      1. Organisations entitled to full FBT exemption
      2. Organisations entitled to a FBT exemption up to the grossed up capping value of $30,000
      3. Organisations entitled to a FBT exemption up to the grossed up capping value of $17,000
      4. Employers who are entitled to an FBT rebate of up to $30,000 grossed up
      5. Benefits excluded (wholly or partly) from FBT capping measures
    13. Reportable Fringe Benefits
      1. Recordkeeping for reportable fringe benefits
      2. Treatment of reportable fringe benefits by exempt and rebatable employers
      3. Fringe benefits exempt from reporting requirement
      4. No reporting required for pooled or shared vehicles
      5. Which employees will have a reportable fringe benefit amount
      6. Calculating the Reportable Fringe Benefit Amount
      7. Use GST inclusive value but only gross up at the lower rate
      8. Where is the Reportable Fringe Benefit Figure Shown
      9. Reportable Fringe Benefits – The Effect on Employees
    14. The Fringe Benefits Tax Return
      1. Lodgement
      2. Completing the Fringe Benefits Tax Return
      3. Paying FBT
    15. Fringe Benefits Tax and the BAS
  7. WORKERS’ COMPENSATION
    1. Workcover National Harmonisation Plan
      1. Workers’ Compensation Guidance Material
    2. Cross Border Arrangements
      1. The ‘State of Connection’
      2. Supporting documentation
      3. Temporary work interstate for the same employer
      4. Practical Examples
    3. Defining Workers, Employees, and Contractors
      1. New South Wales
      2. Victoria
      3. Queensland
      4. South Australia
      5. Northern Territory
      6. Australian Capital Territory
      7. Tasmania
      8. Western Australia
    4. What remuneration is included for Workers’ Compensation purposes?
    5. Other Issues
      1. Payments to Entities other than individuals
      2. Impact of the GST
      3. Accrual of leave entitlements for workers’ compensation recipients
    6. References & Further Information
  8. PAYROLL TAX
    1. Harmonisation
      1. Harmonisation of Payroll Tax Revenue Rulings
    2. Exemptions and Rebates
      1. General Exemptions for all States
      2. New South Wales
      3. Victoria
      4. Tasmania
      5. South Australia
      6. Queensland
      7. Northern Territory
      8. Western Australia
      9. Australian Capital Territory
      10. Registration Requirements
      11. Cancellation of registration
    3. Where is Payroll Tax Payable
      1. Where services are performed entirely in one jurisdiction
      2. Where services are performed in more than one Australian jurisdiction and/or partly outside all Australian jurisdictions
      3. Employment in another country
      4. Services performed offshore
      5. Wages paid in a foreign currency
    4. Records
    5. Payroll Tax & GST
      1. GST component of taxable wages is excluded for payroll tax purposes
    6. Grouping of Employers
      1. Common employees
      2. Controlling interest
      3. Commonly controlled businesses
      4. Related under corporations law
    7. Thresholds & Rates
      1. Monthly Returns and Annual Adjustments
      2. Reduction of thresholds & Calculation of Payroll Tax Payable
    8. Payments to Contractors – All jurisdictions except WA
      1. Relevant/Service contracts are taxable
      2. Exclusions/Exemptions
      3. South Australia – Relevant Contracts Decision Tool
    9. Payments to Contractors – Western Australia
    10. What are Wages
      1. Payments assessable for payroll tax?
      2. Notes:
    11. Further Information
  9. GOODS & SERVICES TAX (GST)
    1. Activities excluded from the GST base
    2. Inclusions in the GST base
    1. Registration
      1. Who is required to register?
      2. What is Annual Turnover (for GST purposes)?
      3. When to Register
      4. How to register for GST
      5. Consequences for entities who fail to register when required
      6. Should entities with a low turnover choose to register?
      7. Taxi drivers must register regardless of turnover
      8. Special rule for Charities/Non-Profit Organisations
      9. Registration for overseas businesses
      10. Cancelling GST registration
    2. How does the GST work?
      1. When can you claim GST credits?
      2. When can’t businesses claim GST credits?
      3. GST credits and income tax deductions
      4. Special rules for claiming GST Credits
      5. Acquisitions through agents for non-residents
      6. GST refunds as a result of capital items purchased
      7. GST refunds as a result of an error on previous BAS
    3. Attribution Rules
      1. Accounting for GST on a cash basis
      2. Accounting for GST on a non-cash basis
      3. Attribution rule for lay-by sales
      4. Attribution rule for security deposits
      5. Attribution rule for sale of land under a standard land contract
      6. Attribution rule for gift vouchers
      7. Other special attribution rules
    4. Tax Invoices
      1. What is a valid tax invoice?
      2. What if a document does not contain all of the required information?
      3. What if you claimed a GST credit without having a valid tax invoice?
      4. How does the Tax Office deal with missing or invalid tax invoices?
      5. Situations where a tax invoice may not be required
    5. Making Adjustments
      1. What are adjustments?
      2. When do you make an adjustment?
      3. Information requirements on adjustment notes
      4. Adjustments can be reconciled on the BAS in one of two ways
      5. Making Adjustments for Financial Supplies
      6. Return for a Repair is not an Adjustment Event
    6. Supplies which are GST-free
      1. More information
    7. Supplies which are input taxed
      1. Financial supplies
      2. Residential Premises
      3. Other Input Taxed Activities
    8. Simplified Accounting
      1. Simplified accounting methods for food retailers
    9. GST cross-border transactions – Imports
      1. Australian businesses
      2. Non-resident businesses
      3. Imported digital products and services (the ‘Netflix’ tax)
      4. Imports which are not taxable for GST purposes
    10. Other Issues
      1. Treatment of Goods on Consignment
      2. Pricing Requirements
      3. Lease Arrangements
      4. Hire Purchase
      5. Motor Vehicles
      6. Status of Government Fees
      7. How to determine whether the sale or purchase of a product or service is connected with Australia
      8. Gambling
      9. Second-hand Goods
      10. GST Groups
      11. Prizes
      12. Wine equalisation tax
      13. Mutual Bodies
      14. Accounting for GST for Income Tax Purposes
      15. Australian Business Number
      16. Treatment of Property
      17. Insurance
      18. Reimbursements & Disbursements
      19. Issues for Charitable and Non-profit Organisations
  10. REPORTING GST ON THE BUSINESS ACTIVITY STATEMENT (BAS)
    1. Instalment Activity Statement (IAS)
    2. Business Activity Statement (BAS)
    3. Due Dates
      1. Extensions for Lodging Quarterly BAS
      2. Annual Reporting
      3. Lodgement and Payment
      4. Methods of lodging
      5. End of Tax Period May Vary
    4. Individuals must be registered to provide BAS Services
      1. Who needs to register as a BAS agent?
      2. What are BAS services?
      3. BAS and Tax Agents need to complete Annual Declaration with the Tax Practitioners Board (TPB)
    5. Accounting for GST
      1. Accounts method
      2. Interactive GST Calculation Sheet (to be completed online)
    6. BAS Reporting Options for GST (Not including Annual Reporting)
      1. Option 1 – Full reporting method – Pay GST Quarterly & Report Quarterly (Monthly for large payers)
      2. Option 2 – Simpler BAS reporting method — Pay and report GST Monthly, Quarterly or Annually
      3. Option 3 – GST instalments method – Pay Tax Office GST instalment Quarterly & Report Annually
    7. Specific Issues
      1. Nothing to Report or not Trading
      2. Correcting GST Errors
      3. Zero amounts can be reported via telephone
      4. BAS payment cards for taxi drivers
      5. BAS information for GST groups
      6. BAS information for GST Branches
      7. The Fuel Tax Credit Scheme
    8. Payment Methods
    9. References & Further Information
    10. Informative Web Sites & Tools

 

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